Norwegians love nature. We are known for being outdoorsy and we "use" our nature a lot. We hike, we ski, we climb, we paddle and we cycle. Like many other European countries we have a very generous statutory access right. We call this right "allemannsretten". Directly translated to "right of access".
The right of access gives you, as a Norwegian or a tourist the right to walk wherever you want outside of built-up areas. This is a very important and valued part of Norwegian culture.
If you are planning to go hiking or camping in Norway keep reading. Below you will find all the information you need about the right of access.
How do access rights function in practice?
Everyone is entitled to free access to and passage across all uncultivated land throughout the year. You are also allowed to cross fields and farmland on foot when the ground is frozen or snow-covered - from October 15th to April 29th.
The 150-metre rule
You are allowed to put up a tent for the night – or sleep under the stars, if you like – but you must keep at least 150 metres away from the nearest occupied house or cabin. If you want to stay for more than two nights in the same place, you must ask the landowner's permission, except in the mountains or very remote areas. The Ministry of Climate and Environment may grant exemptions from the 150 metre-rule in coastal areas through precept.
Can I cross cultivated land?
Fields and farmland are open to walkers and skiers when the ground is frozen or snow-covered. You are also allowed to use roads and paths to cross cultivated areas at any time of year if you are on foot, on skis, on a bicycle or on horseback and are heading for uncultivated land.
Behave considerately and responsibly
Access rights also entail responsibilities.
- Tidy up after yourself and take everything with you, including your litter. As the saying goes, "take only pictures, leave only footprints".
- Be careful with camp fires. Open fires are not permitted in or near forested areas in the period 15 April to 15 September, and we ask you to respect this.
- You may pick most berries, mushrooms and flowers, but some rare species are protected.
Information taken from: (http://www.environment.no/Topics/Outdoor-recreation/Right-of-access-/)